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Guide to Pronunciation

The symbols used in the pronunciations given in the various corpus aren’t exactly the same as those used in a conventional dictionary (in part because of the limitations on what can be achieved with HTML’s character entities). They are all explained here, though, so if you were getting confused, you’re in the right place.

a – as in father
â – as in may
b – as in be
bh – an aspirated b
c – as in loch
d – as in day
dzh – as in judge
e – as in men
ê – as in me
f – as in fish
g – as in gold
h – as in hot
î – as in ice
k – as in kite
l – as in little
m – as in man
n – as in no
ô – as in toe
oi – as in joy
ow – as in now
p – as in pipe
ph – an aspirated p
r – as in right
s – as in so
t – as in tow
þ – as in thing
u – as in under
û – as in moon
v – as in vow
w – as in win
hw – as in whale
y – as in you
z – as in zoo
– used to mark the syllable possessing the primary stress
· – used to divide syllables


A quick glossary of the various linguistic terms used on this site.

affricate – a stop and a fricative of the same point of articulation together, such as pf, ts or j
approximate – a consonant in which the flow of air is barely impeded, such as w, r or l
aspiration – a ploshive released with a “puff” of air
diphthong – a cluster of vowels that produces a single sound, such as ai in main
fricative – a “soft consonant” like f or th
gender – in many languages, nouns are divided into linguistic ‘genders’, generally masculine and feminine (and, occasionally, neutral); the genders are generally used to easily connect adjectives with their nouns and to make various various simplifications generally not possible in non-gender-distinguishing languages
nasal – a consonant in which the airstream passes through the nose as well as the mouth, such as m and n
noun case – in some languages, nouns are inflected by case, the case depending on how the noun is to be used in the sentance. English pronouns are divided into the nominative case for the subject (I, he, she, they) and the accusative case for the object (me, him, her, them)
ploshive – a “hard consonant” like p, t or k
plural – a plural noun is one that refers to more than one of the noun in question; in some languages adjectives describing plural nouns must also be plural
stress – the syllable that possesses the primary stress is pronounced more forcefully than the others

Here are a few links to other sites that you might find interesting or useful.

Ardalambion, a site similar to this one in purpose (although much larger and probably better-written [although I like my color-scheme better...] than this one), but about the languages from J.R.R. Tolkien’s books.
The Language Construction Kit, a site about making your own languages!
Wikipedia’s article on Constructed Languages, which has a whole bunch of (potentially, since I haven’t tried all of them) useful links at the bottom.

Note on the Images

The image of the “Fields of Arbol” was (minus the words) created by NASA and is thus in the public domain; the NASA copyright policy page states that “NASA material is not protected [under copyright] unless noted”.

The image of C.S. Lewis is copyrighted, but its use on this site constitutes fair use under United States copyright law.

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